There are some strange and not-so-known medical conditions that would leave you surprised. The well-known disorders are well researched and soluble but there are certain odd illnesses that are rarely found and are hard to cure. Let’s get to know some of rare of the rarest medical conditions and about their symptoms.
1. Alopecia Universalis: This dangerous condition involves hair fall in all the possible areas including eyebrows and eyelashes. This medical condition can take place due to severe stress and anxiety. There is no specific age has been mentioned as this ill health can cause in every human being irrespective of ages. This rare medical condition is said to be an Autoimmune Disorder that makes the immune system to attack the hair follicles.
This very disease was reflected first in a 25-year-old man with almost no hair but later after 8 months of treatment, he was found with hair on his head, face including eyebrows, eyelashes and other parts of the body. According to the research, this disease can be cured after 1 year of treatment but sometimes the hair fall is permanent as the medical science has not yet invented any effective drug to prevent this illness. Patients with this disease often use wigs to cover their bare head.
Symptoms: The most prominent symptom is immense hair fall for the disease Alopecia Universalis. From any part of the body, the hair may start falling such as the eyebrows and eyelashes. But it mainly affects the scalp. The hair fall may appear suddenly and tends to increase.
2. Sleep deprivation: Sleep deprivation is basically caused by lack of sleep. It can either be acute or chronic. This particular illness reflects daytime sickness, weight loss or weight gain, clumsiness, and fatigue. This medical condition primarily damages the brain and cognitive function. A study by the Veterans Affairs Healthcare System in San Diego and the students of University of California School of Medicine used Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging technology to monitor the brain function affected by sleep deprivation.
The study shows that this may cause due to excessive hard work and excessive stress. As per the study of Chicago Medical Institute, sleep deprivation can lead one to serious diseases such as mental illness that includes psychosis and bipolar disorder and heart diseases. Sleep deprivation mainly attacks the brain activity which gradually tends to decrease. It affects the thalamus the part which involves attention and alertness and the prefrontal cortex which involves sub-serving alertness, higher-order cognitive process, and attention. To prevent yourself from this very disease you must follow some tips such as not to exercise before two hours of bedtime, avoid alcohol and caffeine, try to sleep in a silent and dark room and so on.
Symptoms: There are so many symptoms which may assure sleep deprivation such as hallucinations, impaired performances, disruption of the sleep cycle, and difficulty in concentrating.
3. Androgenic Alopecia: This disorder is also known as pattern hair loss. When it affects the women and men it is called the female pattern hair loss and male pattern hair loss respectively. This particular disease mainly reflects hair fall at the front and top of the scalp. When it is about the males a receding hairline occurs at the scalp whereas the females end up in a thinner layer of hair. The pattern hair loss attacks the men are believed to be due to male hormone dihydrotestosterone or a combination of genetics whereas the source of female pattern hair loss is still a mystery.
This common cause of hair loss generally occurs at the age of fifty and affects about a quarter of females and a half of males. This hair falls disease Androgenic Alopecia is connected with various other health issues such as enlargement of the prostate, coronary heart disease, prostate cancer, high blood pressure, the disorder of insulin resistance such as obesity and diabetes. For the woman, this pattern hair loss may cause excessive hair in unwanted areas, acne, weight gain and hormonal imbalance which lead to irregular menstruation.
Symptoms: Hair fall starts at the top of the scalp thinning the hair layer. But it rarely leads to complete baldness. Patients affected by pattern hair fall wear beanie caps during the winters otherwise they tend to get cold easily.
4. Dermatographia: Dermatographia or skin writing is a skin disease in which lines appear on the skin of the patient which seems like writing or scratches. This common skin disease is also called Dermatographic Urticaria or Dermographism. These scratches on the skin irritate and give an itchy feeling, however, it tends to recover quickly. Those scratches sometimes come in white against the skin and sometime it may be reddish in colour.
According to the skin specialists, these scratches may get worse and even may result in allergy-like reactions. This skin issue is often treated with antihistamines to decrease discomfort and itchiness. Except some of the rare cases, the symptoms tend to disappear and do not last for long. In case of some serious issues, a thoroughly medical treatment is needed from any well-known dermatologist. Near about 5 percent people face this skin problem irrespective of ages.
Symptoms: The main symptom for dermatographia is the scratches on the skin. They do spread all over the skin and develop well with redness. They can occur without any warning. Some of the key symptoms for this skin issue are reddish rashes, welts which seems hives, raised red lines on the skin which look like writings, discomfort due to itchy feeling on the skin, inflammation or swelling and skin wounds.
5. Prosopagnosia: Prosopagnosia or face blindness is another name of cognitive disorder of face perception that deals with the ability to identify the familiar faces which includes self-recognition (one’s own face). In this mentioned disorder the affected person fails to recognize only the faces but the other brain activity such as intellectual functioning (decision making), visual processing remain as before. The literary meaning of the very term referred to the condition followed by brain damage.
There also a developmental or congenital form of dysfunction takes place. This disorder may harm 2.5% population of the United States. There are basically two types of prosopagnosia. One is congenital and other is acquired. In cases of acquired prosopagnosia, the occipitotemporal lobe is damaged and often occurs in adult brains and congenital prosopagnosia results in inability in recognizing faces by the affected individuals. Though several types of research and attempts have been done in the search for the proper remediation no therapies or remedy has been established to uproot this disorder.
Symptoms: In this kind of disorder the patient fails to identify the familiar faces such as of family members, children and of friends. It is a memory problem that is able to keep other things remembered such as colours, clothes, locations, voice but not the faces. This may lead one to frustration and depression.
6. Human Growth hormone Deficiency: This is related to a growth issue which is caused by the malfunction in the pituitary gland that results in less production of growth hormone. Growth hormone or somatotropin is a polypeptide hormone which stimulates cell production and the growth of the body. This hormonal disease has negative effects for different ages. This hormonal deficiency found rare in the adults but may result in poor bone density, lean body mass and a number of psychological and physical symptoms such as loss of stamina, strength, and musculature.
There are other glandular or hormonal issues which coincide with decreased growth hormone production. GH or Growth Hormone Deficiency can be treated by injections of growth hormone, replacement of growth hormone or by surgical or radiation treatment of tumors. There are no signs of hormonal deficiency till the first few months of life. But from the mid-teens, the signs of shortness or poor growth reveals at its best. If the deficiency of growth hormone is active from the infant days and was never treated then the adult height fails to exceed 48-65 inches (122-165 cm).
Symptoms: Some of the notable symptoms of deficiency of this growth hormone are decreased strength and reduced muscles mass, baldness (men), osteoporosis, excessive body fat especially in the waist area, lack of concentration and cardiac dysfunction.
7. Poland Syndrome: The name Poland Syndrome has been named after Alfred Poland a 19th-century British surgeon. This medical condition belongs to the rare health issues that include deformation of the human body. It is a birth defect that results in underdevelopment of chest muscles and webbing of the fingers both occurs on the same side of the body. The missing body part the huge section of the muscle is attached to the breastbone that is sternum on one side and the upper arm on the other side. Else other abnormalities or deformations take place on the affected side of the torso.
In some of the rare cases, shoulders or additional muscles on the chest wall are found underdeveloped or missing. Except for these, there are also rib cage abnormalities such as shortened ribs. In these cases, the ribs may be perceptible due to low fat under the skin. Nipple and breast deformations may also occur. In most of the cases of Poland Syndrome, the abnormalities in the chest area do not indulge in health issues or affect movement. This very disorder mainly affects the right side of the body and is found in males than in females.
Symptoms: Some of the major symptoms of Poland Syndrome are liver anomalies, dextrocardia, maternal diabetes, abnormalities in the gastrointestinal tract, the absence of pectoral muscles, deformed humerus and so on.
8. Colitis: This very disease largely fits into the category of digestive diseases as this medical condition speaks off inflammation of the colon. Colitis can be long-term or self-limited and acute. The key reason of the inflammation in the colon is uncertain for instance when the diagnosis remains unknown colitis can be applied to Crohn’s disease. Suggested by the symptoms colitis can be treated by obtaining the medical history, physical examinations and laboratory tests such as stool ova and parasites, electrolytes, stool culture, and sensitivity. Else, there are some tests that involve medical imaging such as abdominal x-rays, computed tomography, and test with a camera inserted into the rectum.
The essential investigation in assessing colitis is biopsy in which during the endoscopy a tiny tissue is separated from the bowel mucosa and is inspected under the microscope by a histopathologist. Many types of colitis can be found that can be classified by the cause. Types of colitis: inflammatory bowel disease, microscopic colitis, ulcerative colitis, lymphocytic colitis, collagenous colitis, chemical colitis, ischemic colitis and diversion colitis.
Symptoms: Some of the notable symptoms of colitis are abdominal pain, flatulence, loss of appetite, weight loss, bloody diarrhea, fatigue and fecal incontinence.
9. Cystic fibrosis: This rare medical condition affects pancreas, kidneys, intestine, livers but mostly the lungs. Patients who are dealing with this health issue must have faced difficulty in breathing, coughing up mucus and have ended up in the lung infection. According to the research, this very disease is inherited followed by autosomal manner. CFTR indulge in the production of digestive fluids, mucus and sweet.
There is no proper process to cure Cystic fibrosis through the infected area of the lungs is treated with antibiotics and sometimes antibiotic azithromycin is used for a long period of time. this particular health issue is found in common among the Northern Europeans and affects one out of every 300 newborn infants. This disease found least in the people of Africa and Asia. Cystic fibrosis was first recognized by Dorothy Anderson in the year 1938.
Symptoms: Some of the notable symptoms of this very disorder are wheezing, exercise intolerance, repeated lung infection, Persistent cough along with thick mucus, breathlessness, and stuffy nose (inflamed nasal passage).